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About George Stephenson - Father of the Railways

George Stephenson (9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848) was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830.

Renowned as the "Father of Railways", the Victorians considered him a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement, with self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praising his achievements.

His rail gauge (width of track) of 4 feet 81⁄2 inches (1,435 mm), sometimes called "Stephenson gauge", is the world's standard gauge.

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